Different Types of Robbery

Robbery isn’t always a catch-all term that can be used interchangeably for different types of offenses. While I was previously aware that stealing larger amounts of goods resulted in different levels of punishment, I didn’t know just how nuanced these cases could be. That’s why I helped create a guide to the ins and outs of this type offense! Here’s what you should know in regards to robbery on the off-chance that you find yourself in a sticky situation.

Robbery vs. Burglary

The difference between these two words can make a world of difference for someone concerned about their sentencing. Robbery is using intimidation or physical presence to steal from someone. Burglary doesn’t use the threat of violence to achieve this goal.

What does this mean? Basically, if you break into someone’s house while they’re not home, you are committing a burglary. But, if the homeowner turns out to be home, the burglary then escalates into a robbery. This makes it more dangerous- the presence of another person makes a violent act that much more likely to be committed.

Because of the increased possibility of violence, robberies tend to carry much harsher sentences than burglaries. If possible, avoid a robbery at all costs due to their dangerous nature and risk of punishment.

Severity of theft

Here are the main degrees of theft. The more capital that was stolen through the theft, the harsher the punishment the perpetrator will receive.

  • Burglary

If someone is proven to have intentions to commit a burglary, they may be charged with burglary. However, this intent is not always easy to prove. Merely breaking and entering does not constitute an intent to steal. These key distinctions, that could be the reason you catch a break in your case are easier to understand with the help of lawyers like those at Bruno Law Offices.

  • Petty theft

If you do get caught in the act of stealing something, petty theft typically carries the lightest sentence out of all of these. Petty theft makes up a large chunk of theft and is made of small dollar amounts and inexpensive items.

  • Grand theft

Possibly the riskiest move, grand theft is stealing someone else’s property. Stealing cars and other vehicles fall into the category of grand theft. Getting charged with grand theft can have severe implications on your future and can follow you through the rest of your career.

  • Embezzlement

This is what happens when someone has been trusted with someone else’s money and uses it for another, unintended purpose. This is a high-risk form of theft, and it can have major implications on your employment and future career.

While this is not by any means an exhaustive list of all the nuance that goes into a case regarding theft, it should be a good jumping-off point for anyone who’s looking to learn a little bit more about their case. I’m no expert, but I highly recommend getting in contact with an attorney who can work on your case to get the lightest sentence possible. One mistake shouldn’t follow you for the rest of your life.

Why Premises Liability Fascinates Me

I have become fascinated with premises liability, recently. It may seem like a boring topic, but hear me out. Have you ever been to a bar that had a stool with an exposed nail? Okay, maybe not. But surely you have been to a store or a business that had some environmental danger present.

Well, I became interested in premises liability when I realized that this legal concept is descriptive of situations in which a person is injured by dangers like that bar stool’s exposed nail. How interesting it is that a company is not only liable for the dangers posed by its services or products, but the company is also responsible for making sure that its location is safe for clients.

Law firms like ChasenBoscolo work on premises liability cases to ensure that people who are injured by negligent property management receive the compensation they deserve for their injuries and potentially even for their pain and suffering. Apparently, receiving deserved compensation sometimes requires fighting tooth and nail against powerful companies or large insurers because they almost never claim liability for accidents on their premises.

One of the more common premises liability scenarios includes slip-and-fall accidents. In these accidents, property owners open up their premises to clients and customers but fail to make sure that their building or location is safe — specifically, from falls. If a water leak is present in a building and leads to a puddle or a slippery surface, a business must put up a sign on or near the puddle/leak.

If the business fails to properly warn of the dangerous puddle, and a person slips on the water and injures themselves, then that business can be held liable under premises liability laws. In the lawsuit, a customer would have to prove there were inadequate warning or prevention efforts. This could be proven by showing that the company does not own warning signs or did not display it as necessary.

And of course, the customer has to prove that they were actually injured. There is some amount of fraud for premises liability claims, so lawyers will make sure to verify medical records and do what they can to make sure that a person is not just faking injuries. But if they can prove it was the premises’ fault and that they are truly injured, then they could qualify for money to cover their expenses and even potentially wages lost because of the injuries from the accident.

A few exceptions exist in premises liability litigation; if a person is not legally allowed on the premises of a property then liability for injuries is limited. One example: if a person sneaks through a fence onto a property after-hours but is injured by a faulty floorboard, it is unlikely the owner of the premises will be found responsible for paying the criminal trespasser’s medical bills.

This makes sense on a few fronts. No one ought to be rewarded for committing a crime. But even more, was this loophole to exist, it might mean that people would purposely seek out poorly-maintained properties and profit from injuring themselves after sneaking onto the premises.

Insurance is awful by design

Insurance is almost certainly one of the most hated areas of business in the country. Think about it. People pay a lot of money and rarely get anything back. Even when they use it, they often have to fight with the insurance companies to get what they ought to get without any issue. It’s an ugly business model, even if it’s a necessary one.

This is true across the board with insurance. Whether it’s medical, auto, dental, home, or anything else, insurance companies make money by keeping fees as high as they a raise them and paying out as little as they possibly can. In the modern business climate which has to show constant, hyper-growth, that can mean insurance even goes beyond the legal and starts working in bad faith with its customers, paying less than it legally has to.

It doesn’t have to go that far for insurance to be a pretty horrible business though. Who hasn’t encountered a headache at the expense of their insurance company?

A car accident can mean months of phone calls, demands for absurd amounts of documentation, and then higher rates just to get a payout, and that’s when the insurance company’s client wasn’t at fault.

With medicine, it is even worse because medicine is so necessary to everyone and everyone needs insurance from time to time. There, it can also be long phone calls, documentation, complaints to get the insurance to pay for crucial medical care. Some have even died because insurance companies couldn’t decide whether to pay for surgery or not.

The flaw is in the system itself. Insurance only kicks in when people really need it. Insurance companies are massive bureaucracies that drag their feet in order to get the best deal they can on everything. So, when something important comes up, like surgery, the difficulties before, during, and after can add massive unneeded stress.

Unfortunately, there are few workable solutions, at least across the board. For medicine, other countries have gone to government-run healthcare and turned insurance companies into luxury parts of medicine. For instance, giving birth in Great Britain may mean sharing a room with other women. This would be free and insurance free. A family can choose to buy insurance, however, and if the woman gets pregnant, she would then be able to get a private room through her insurance discounts.

That option may solve the problem of health insurance, but what about all the other forms? Insurance is vast and various and used to protect everything from possessions to homes to businesses to investments. The government could not and should not be in charge of ensuring all those objects.

Which means, it all likelihood the awful insurance process will continue forever. Hopefully, some increased oversight can be introduced to speed things up and keep things more honest, but even then, the overall pain in the neck element will still be present, even if less prevalent.

The wide world of craft beers

In nearly all industries, the scene revolves around men, both those working and those consuming. The beer industry, and by extension, the craft beer industry, is no exception to this. Women are used in this scene as “promotion” and nearly nothing else. This overt sexualization of women draws men to drink their products. However, the growing number of women brewers are making a name for themselves as they begin to finally emerge from the shadows, changing the scene. Unfortunately, stereotypes and harassment are taking their time in catching up with the times. 

According to The The Guardian, craft beer has made a grand entrance in the beer industry, and more and more brewers and businesspeople are finding great new opportunities. Many of the up-and-coming brewers and owners are women, and they’re letting people know they’re here. Many beer companies that have long since established themselves are finally coming around to the idea that female beer drinkers exist and are just as enthusiastic as their male consumers. Women drinkers and brewers already made up a large portion of beer enthusiasts, and that number is growing. However, men in the industry are finding it difficult to overcome deep-set perception and stereotypes. Pia Poynton discusses this prejudice on her girl+beer blog, as she has been a part of the industry for more than ten years. She says she cannot go to any events without facing this prejudice and is often stereotyped as a promo girl simply for her presence. People assume she doesn’t know anything and will begin to ask her questions, abruptly stop, and then go ask others those same questions. For her, these interactions are both irritating and frustrating, and she knows there is a stigma. Instead of feeling like she really knew what she was talking about, men instead criticize her and tell her that she was lecturing them. 

There are some companies that are directly fighting this kind of stigma. The Sparkke Change company is one of these, and they package beers in simple, white cans that have large, conversation-starting print that addresses issues like sexism and assault. The company is headed by nine women, and one of their many drinks has this statement: “consent can’t come after you do.” For them, beer and wine have always led to a great conversation, and they are using their platform to ensure that the estimated 25% percentage of craft beer drinkers that are women know that someone has their back. Unfortunately, some female owners and operators do not support these opinions. One of the co-owners of Two Birds Brewing, Danielle Allen, says that people are often surprised to know that two women run the company, but she says “I have not had any negative instances or thoughts and feelings because of the fact I’m a female. We knew we had the right to be in the industry and we owned that.”

This recognition of women in male-dominated industries, especially in those with such histories of sexism like the beer industry, is very necessary. Companies like Growler Chill are working to ensure that people can continue to enjoy them as long as possible.

Important Matters Relating to the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)

America’s working group is one of the reasons why this nation is a major economic force. Thus, to make sure that they will not suffer from poverty upon their retirement, the federal government passed the Social Security Act in 1935.

This Act first served as a form of social insurance and was originally intended as a financial source for retiring employees, many of whom suffered from poverty during the Great Depression in the 1930s. Now known as the Social Security Administration (SSA), two large federal programs aimed at providing financial assistance to people with disabilities have been created through it: the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI), which SSA introduced in 1956, and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI), which SSA created in 1974.

The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) was specifically designed to pay cash benefits to Social Security members with total permanent disabilities and pensions to retired members aged 65 or above.

There are criteria that should be met in order for one to be eligible to receive cash disability benefits, though.  The most basic of these requirements include:

  • Having worked in a job covered by Social Security or by being self-employed; and,
  • Having earned the required number of credits required by SSA. An employee can earn four credits within a year. These credits are earned through payment of Social Security taxes (employees’ pay slips usually identify SS tax payments as “FICA,” short for Federal Insurance Contributions Act).

While members usually need 40 credits (earned after 10 years of work) to be considered eligible for disability benefits, employees who have only been a few years in work and, therefore, have earned fewer credits can also qualify. One very important thing any employee will have to know, however, is that even if they are eligible now to receive disability benefits (if they get permanently disabled), if they stop working under a Social Security-covered job and so stop earning credits (for a certain length of time), then they may no longer be considered eligible in the future.

Another important requirement for eligibility is, of course, total permanent disability. SSDI does not cover partial or short-term disability. Employees who sustain this type of disability can file their claim with their state’s Workers’ Compensation office if cause of the disability is work-related or with their personal health insurance provider.

Disability, as defined by the SSA (at least for SSDI purposes), means:

  • A condition that will render a person unable to perform the work that he/she did before being disabled;
  • The disability renders a person unable to perform any other type of work; and,
  • The disability may either last for at least a year or result in death.

Once an employee starts receiving the cash benefits, payment of benefit will only stop if:

  • He/She works at a level that the SSA considers as “substantial”;
  • If the SSA decides that his/her medical condition has improved to the point that he/she is no longer disabled; or,
  • If he/she turns 65 – if this is the case, recipient of the disability benefit will continue receiving the same amount of payment, only this time, it will be called “pension,” and no longer disability benefit.

The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program provides financial support to those have become disabled by an injury or illness, and have met the required work credits. Additionally, children and spouses of deceased workers are often able to get disability benefits through this program. Unfortunately, though, it can be difficult to successfully go through the process of applying for and receiving this assistance on your own, a concern a highly-skilled Social Security Disability Insurance attorney may be able to help you with.


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